5 Facts about the Israeli-Palestinian conflict: What you need to know? – The Israeli-Palestinian conflict is one of the most complex, contentious, and protracted conflicts in the history of the world.
5 Facts about the Israeli-Palestinian conflict: What you need to know?
MilitaryEzyInfo.com – Since the late 19th century, conflicts have been a regular occurrence in the disputed territories of the Middle East, as countries try to defend their own territories.
This issue has resurfaced with the recent discussion among Israelis about online attacks on Palestinian civilians at the Al-Aqsa Mosque.
Here are five facts you need to know about the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.
1. The conflict often involves a land grab.
The Israeli-Palestinian conflict is often described as a conflict between Islam and Judaism, but at the root of the conflict are nationalism and territorial disputes.
In the 19th century, many countries declared their independence. Among the politicians and thinkers who supported nationalism was Theodor Herzl, a Jewish journalist, who called for the establishment of a state for the Jewish people. Today, he is regarded as the founder of Zionism.
In the case of the Palestinians, who were colonized by the British after being ruled by the Ottoman Empire, there has long been a desire for an independent Palestinian state.
Thus, there was a conflict of nationalism at the heart of the conflict, with each side denying the legitimacy of the other’s claims.
2. The problem began during the British Mandate.
The British created separate institutions for Muslims, Christians, and Jews, which made communication difficult and led to separation.
The British also facilitated the migration of European Jews to Palestine based on the Balfour Declaration. This greatly changed the relationship between the two groups.
As a result, between 1920 and 1939, the Jewish population grew by more than 320,000 people.
Unlike the Jews of Palestine, European Jews did not share common life experiences with their Muslim and Arab neighbors.
Instead, they spoke Yiddish and brought with them their own culture and ideology, including nationalism.
3. The 1948 Arab-Israeli War was a turning point in the conflict.
In 1948, after several years of rising tensions and a failed attempt by the United Nations to partition Palestine into two states, the war between Israel and the League of Arab States began.
During this time, Israel adopted the Declaration of Independence and formally established the State of Israel.
The next day was declared by the Palestinians as “Nakba Day” or “Memory of the Catastrophe”. The fighting continued for nine months, and Israel came to control more territory than ever before.
For Israelis, it marked the beginning of a nation-state and the fulfillment of the Jewish people’s long-held desire for a homeland.
For the Palestinians, it was the beginning of the end: statelessness. During the war, some 700,000 Palestinians were forced to leave their homeland and seek refuge in neighboring Arab countries.
4. Palestinian Leadership in the First Organized Intifada
The intifada refers to two revolts launched by the Palestinians against Israel, the first in the late 1980s and the second in the early 2000s.
The Intifada was a Palestinian response to years of persecution and oppression by Israel.
Anger reached its peak in 1987 when an IDF truck collided with a civilian vehicle. Four Palestinians were killed, and the protests intensified.
Palestinians used a variety of tactics to gain economic and political power, including boycotting Israeli institutions, refusing to pay Israeli taxes, and working in Israeli settlements.
Israel responded harshly. Curfews were imposed, Palestinian homes were ransacked, and water supplies were restricted. In the chaos, 1,962 Palestinians and 277 Israelis were killed.
5. Palestine is governed by the Palestinian Authority and Hamas.
Under the Oslo Accords of 1993, the Palestinian National Authority (PNA) was given administrative control over Gaza and parts of the West Bank. The PNA is headed by President Abbas.
In the 2006 legislative elections, Hamas won a majority of seats in the legislature. Since then, the breakdown between the two factions has led to violence, and Hamas took control of Gaza in 2007.
The conflict between Israel and the Palestinians continues. Most recently, clashes erupted outside Jerusalem’s Old City as tens of thousands of Muslims prayed at the Al-Aqsa Mosque on the Holy Night (Leilatul Qadar).