A military coup has taken place in Myanmar. A state of emergency has been declared in the country for one year.
A military coup has taken place in Myanmar
MilitaryEzyInfo.com – Russia is keeping a close eye on the situation since it has signed contracts with the country for the supply of weapons. The situation will also affect relations between China and the United States.
Detention of elites
In Myanmar, a military coup has detained President Win Myin and the head of the ruling party, Aung San Suu Kyi. Vice President Myint Swe was temporarily appointed to the presidency.
According to the BBC, there is no internet or telephone service in the capital of Myanmar. MRTV, Myanmar’s state-run television channel, has stopped broadcasting “because of communication problems.” Dozens of soldiers are stationed in front of the mayor’s office in the country’s main city of Rangoon. Trucks also drove up there. A state of emergency has been declared in the state for a year.
The situation in the country has escalated in the last few days. Influential members of the armed forces were dissatisfied with the outcome of the November elections, which they declared rigged.
The fact is that the elections were won by the NLD, with over 70% of the vote. The military, on the other hand, supported the Union Solidarity and Development Party. Following this, rumors of a possible military coup d’etat began to circulate in society.
According to the state constitution, a quarter of the seats in both houses of parliament were reserved for the military. Since 1962, a military dictatorship has been the form of government in Myanmar for decades. However, in the fall of 2015 the opposition, represented by the NLD, won the parliamentary elections. This gave it the right to form a new government.
Criticism of the head of the NLD
The head of the NLD, Aung San Suu Kyi, spent 15 years under house arrest for leading peaceful protests before winning the Nobel Peace Prize. She was considered a symbol of the country’s democratic transition.
However, over time the public attitude toward Aung San Suu Kyi changed. Her style of government began to resemble an authoritarian one, for which she was often criticized. One reason for dissatisfaction with the head of the NLD among citizens is Aung San Suu Kyi’s reticence to violate the rights of the Rohingya Muslim minority (read about Muslim protests in Moscow in 2017 against the oppression of these people).
In 2018, a UN mission criticized the politician for failing to prevent the persecution and genocide of the people by the authorities of the country. True, the main blame for the massacres was placed on the country’s military leadership. The UN called on the commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces, Min Aung Hlaing, to stand trial for genocide and crimes against humanity.
A rift between the world’s giants
Director of the Institute of the Far East of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Orientalist, an expert on political development and cultural traditions of Asia Alexei Maslov in a conversation with “360” recalled the U.S. position on the dictatorship. Washington has already said that the military should adhere to democratic norms and release the detained officials.
“Obviously, the Myanmar issue will split China and the U.S. even more, because China has always supported Myanmar, even in unpopular decisions,” Alexei Maslov.
“Plus, it is obvious that investment in Myanmar will fall and, as a consequence, countries will divide into those who will still be willing to interact with the military regime and those who will not. It is obvious that the United States, New Zealand, and Australia will strongly oppose the current policy of Myanmar,” Maslov added.
In his opinion, Myanmar’s fundamental ties within the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) are changing. The state has recently been actively developing cooperation with Vietnam, Indonesia, and Malaysia. Now, these ties will be interrupted, Maslov believes.
“It is possible that China will come to Myanmar because it will need financial assistance, given the collapse that is now taking place there. But this will drive the country into an even bigger financial trap and debts,” the interlocutor explained.