Aero L-159 Alca Cost, Specs, Review, Manufacturer – The L-159 series from the Czech company Alkair is a light attack aircraft developed from the existing L-59 Super Albatross family.
Aero L-159 Alca Cost, Specs, Review, Manufacturer
|Type||Aero L-159 ALCA|
|Unit Cost||$30 Million|
|Year of development||2000|
|Development Status||Active, in-service|
|Engine||Honeywell’s F124-GA-100 turbine engine delivers 6,330 pounds of thrust|
|Top Speed||505 knots (582 mph)|
MilitaryEzyInfo.com – The Aero L-29 Delfin (NATO: Maya) is the beginning of a long history of domestically produced advanced light attack aircraft/trainers originating in the Czech Republic.
Development history of the Aero L-159 Alka
The Aero Vodochody design dates back to World War I (1914-1918) and focused on the production of German aircraft until the end of the war in 1918. The first aero design came out the following year under the name “Ae 01.”
Although Germany was initially under the influence of the Soviet Union, it survived the turbulent interwar period until the end of World War II (1939-1945).
Often forgotten in Western military discussions, Czechoslovakia operates one of the most complex (and multi-layered) military industries, producing superior rifles and aircraft to meet the needs of modern armies.
The aerospace L-159 ALCA (“Advanced Light Combat Aircraft”) was part of the next development, the L-59 Super Albatross, which may have entered service in 1986.
The ALCA first flew on August 4, 1997, and was officially adopted by the Czech Air Force in April 2000. Between 1997 and 2003, 72 units were produced in two different forms. The Czech Air Force is the main operator of this aircraft.
The history of the L-159 began in 1992 when Aero Vodochody started to develop a new, modern and advanced light attack aircraft.
The aircraft is designed with a more traditional approach, offering easy maintenance and effective air class space. With tight budgets worldwide and the need to purchase modern aircraft, the advanced/light attack trainer category has long been a popular and sometimes lucrative market for airlines.
This type of aircraft can not only train a new generation of pilots in many countries but also provide a weapons-carrying platform for local inventories. Among the F-15s, F-16s, MiG-29s, and Su-27s procured, the L-159 and other L-159s fill this particular role.
The L-159 has a well-established aero look, with a tapered nose cone, raised fuselage spine, and low wing attachments. The angled nose provides a good view of the fairing from the front and sides with minimal framing.
Cockpit and Other Features
The cockpit is located at the center front of the fuselage, with the necessary radar, complete avionics, and turbocharger units built into the fuselage.
The engines are sucked in through two crescent-shaped air intakes mounted on either side of the fuselage and behind the cockpit. The overall wing design is low and flat, with the edges trimmed with narrow pods.
The tail is relatively short, tapering off at the engine exhaust ring. The tail consists of a single vertical fin, with the tailplane in a low position. The landing gear is fully extended and consists of two single main wheel braces and a front wheel brace.
It has seven support points, one under the fuselage and three under the wings, with a maximum external armament of 5,160 pounds.
The L-159 is compatible with the popular and proven AIM-132 Aslam and AGM-65 Lone Ranger, in addition to the U.S. AIM-9 Sidewinder air-to-air missile.
The standard weapon pod is the ZVI Plamen PL-20 series 2x20mm. Unlike other trainers, the L-159 is equipped with radar (“L-Griffin”).
Aero L-159 Arca’s Engine Performance
It is powered by a Honeywell F124-GA-100 series turbofan engine that produces over 6,330 pounds of thrust.
This design is capable of a maximum speed of 580 mph (although it can reach close to 600 mph) and can maintain subsonic speeds, but the long-term acquisition and maintenance costs are high.
Operating Range of the L-159 Arca
It has a range of 975 miles and an operating radius of 350 miles. The recorded service ceiling is 43,300 feet and the rate of climb is approximately 12,220 feet per second.
There are two variants of the L-159, primarily the single-seat L-159A, which was developed for use as a multi-role combat platform.
These variants can be equipped with a wide range of armament options depending on mission requirements, and the radar system can be operated and maintained in all weather conditions/day and night as required.
The L-159B is the ultimate light attack and training platform, capable of carrying two people at a time (usually a student and a training instructor), and is almost identical in design and internal layout to the Model-A, except for the inclusion of space for a second cockpit.
Improved Training Aircraft
This version is designed as an advanced training aircraft, but it can also be used as a dedicated combat aircraft, taking advantage of the “two for one” advantage that other modern single-seat aircraft do not have.
The Czech Air Force uses the designation L-159T1 to indicate that the existing single-seat L-159A aircraft was converted into the more practical two-seat L-159B aircraft.
The L-159BQ designation is used to designate the two-seat trainer aircraft for the developing Iraqi Air Force On October 12, 2012, the Iraqi and Czech governments announced a $1 billion deal. On October 12, 2012, the Iraqi government and the Czech government announced an agreement to purchase 28 aircraft, 24 of which will be new aerospace fighters and the remaining four from the Czech Air Force. inventory.
In addition, the Iraqi Air Force will deploy about 30 Lockheed F-16 Falcons starting in March 2014, with the official air force arriving around 2020. Iraq has not had a formal air force since the US-led invasion in 2003.