Airbus Helicopters NHI NH90 Review, Top Speed, Unit Cost, Manufacturer – Airbus NHIndustries NH90 series of medium transport helicopters and wireframe flight technology has conquered the world’s major militaries.
Airbus Helicopters NHI NH90 Review, Top Speed, Unit Cost, Manufacturer
|Unit Cost||$ 19 million|
|Year of development||2007|
|Manufacturer||Airbus Helicopters / NHIndustries / Fokker Technologies|
|Engine||Two Rolls-Royce RTM322-01 / 9 turboshaft engines (2230 hp each) or two General Electric T700-T6E turboshaft engines (2115 hp each) drive the four-bladed main rotor and four-bladed tail rotor|
|Top Speed||186 mph (300 km/h)|
MilitaryEzyInfo.com – The NH90 is a multi-purpose medium transport platform developed by NHIndustries, the helicopter manufacturing arm of Eurocopter (now produced under the Airbus Helicopters brand), and has been delivered to several major European military companies.
It made its first flight on December 18, 1995, and entered service in 2007. Production has continued since 1995, with about 244 units built to date (2015). the NH90 was the first helicopter ever to use a full fly-by-wire control system.
The exterior of the NH90 is a sleek and modern product. The crew is located at the front of the fuselage, behind a short nosecone. The view from the cockpit is excellent.
The cabin, which occupies the tail section, has a rectangular row of observation windows. The rear panel is raised to allow full access to the interior cargo space with an electrically operated cargo ramp.
The main rotor blades are a four-blade system located under the top of the fuselage. The four-bladed unit, mounted on the left side, allows the tail rotor to be attached to the vertical tail fin.
The horizontal surfaces are located on the starboard side of the fuselage. To maintain aerodynamic characteristics, the landing gear with wheels can be retracted.
The NH90 is compatible with two engine brands, the Rolls-Royce RTM322-01/9 turboshaft engine (2,230 hp) and the General Electric T700-T6E turboshaft engine (2,115 hp), depending on customer and logistics requirements.
Both engines are located above the cockpit space, and the NH90’s sophisticated airframe design allows the helicopter to achieve a top speed of 185 mph, a range of 500 miles, and an operating altitude of 20,000 feet. The ascent rate is 1,575 feet per minute.
The interior of the NH90 can accommodate up to 20 combatants and can carry up to two cargo pallets by NATO standards. It also has a rope download capability to add 9,260 pounds of external suspension.
As for life-saving capability, the aircraft can accommodate up to 12 medical and personnel transport vehicles on board. If the MH90 is prepared for battlefield missions, it can support a 7.62mm door pistol, allowing for home defense training. In the anti-ship and anti-submarine roles, it can carry missiles and torpedoes.
Currently operating the NH90 (2015) are Australia (operating as MRH-90 “Taipan”), Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Italy (SH-90A/UH-90A), Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Oman, Spain Sweden (operating as HKp 14 / 14b). Portugal and Saudi Arabia have canceled their NH90 orders.
There are two major variants of the NH90. The “NFH” stands for “NATO Shipboard Helicopter,” equipped with anti-ship and anti-submarine roles and an all-weather day/night hunting platform.
It can also perform search and rescue, public transport, and humanitarian assistance functions.” The “TTH” refers to the “Tactical Transport Helicopter” model, which is designed for special transport (cargo and personnel) roles.
Its functions also include amphibious infantry, electronic warfare, training, VIP passenger transport, and special operations support.
The operation and maintenance of the NH90 are not without its problems. Because of lingering concerns about overall performance, some countries have postponed commercialization until the problems are resolved or proven.
From the beginning, the Dutch airframe has been subject to severe wear and tear, and in Germany, there have been concerns about payload capacity and poorly fitted cargo doors. At the German and Australian companies, the turboshaft engines bent, causing all NH90s to ground.
On the Australian side, a persistent crack in the windshield and a slight deformation of the cockpit floor required correction.