Boeing F-18 Super Hornet Cost, Specs, Review, Manufacturer – Boeing’s multirole Boeing F/A-18E/F Super Hornet fighter, the Super Hornet, was the next step in the development of the Hornet family, which began with the McDonnell Douglas brand.
Boeing F-18 Super Hornet Cost, Specs, Review, Manufacturer
|Type||Boeing F/A-18 Super Hornet|
|Year of development||1999|
|Development Status||Active, in-service|
|Manufacturer||McDonnell Douglas / Boeing Corporation|
|Engine||Two General Electric F414-GE-400 turbine engines, 22,000 pounds of thrust, with afterburners.|
|Max Speed||1032 knots (1187 mph)|
MiliaryEzyInfo.com – The McDonnell Douglas F/A-18 U.S. Navy Hornet was introduced in 1983 and was a highly successful successor to the Vietnam-era fighter and attack aircraft.
Appointment of the first Super Hornet
Subsequently, one- and two-seat models were introduced, as well as further improved models. However, this system was criticized for its limitations, limited range, and limited weapons-carrying capacity.
This eventually led to the evolution of the F/A-18 Super Hornet series, which was different enough from the original model to essentially be a new autonomous multi-role aircraft.
The familiar “F/A-18” designation was retained to promote the product within the American bureaucracy. The history of the Super Hornet began in the 1980s when McDonnell Douglas was working to develop a better F/A-18 before the original Hornet entered service.
This product became an unreasonable monster for the service, as the US lost the A-12 Avenger II, a Delta carrier-borne stealth bomber, also a McDonnell Douglas product, and development was stalled (related legal issues. The official decision was made in 2014), which attracted a great deal of attention.
In addition, the expensive and complex F-14 Tomcat Grumman F-14s were used primarily for fleet defense and did not gain any ground attack capability during the rest of their service life.
A development from the previous series
McDonnell Douglas’s new endeavor was to enlarge the existing F/A-18 fuselage while lengthening it for increased internal fuel storage and more sophisticated flight and combat control systems.
The wingtip launchers and their position under the fuselage were retained, but the original design’s nine attachment points were enlarged to eleven.
The appearance of the F/A-18 Super Hornet follows the traditional lines of the original McDonnell Douglas, but with a larger, heavier, and more refined fuselage.
The main physical feature of the Super Hornet is the redesigned air intake, which is now rectangular in shape compared to the original oval opening.
Convinced of the benefits of this “off-the-shelf” solution and within its budget, the US Navy signed a contract for the development and final production of the Super Hornet in 1992, which was approved by the US Congress.
Was released in 1995
The first prototype flew on November 29, 1995, and series production began in 1995, with testing continuing through 1997. In that year, the merger between McDonnell Douglas and Boeing was completed, and a subsidiary of McDonnell Douglas put Boeing in the forefront.
As a result, the Boeing trademark has become commonly associated with today’s “Super Hornet” product.
Today, the F/A-18 Super Hornet is active on U.S. Navy aircraft carriers along with the original F/A-18 Hornet single- and two-seat fighters, the A-4 Skyhawk, A-7 Corsair, A-6 Intruder, F-4 Phantom II, and F-14 Tomcat, making it a multi-role fighter The Super Hornet has established itself as a multi-role fighter.
The Super Hornet can perform a variety of combat missions, including all-weather day/night attack, fleet defense, air defense interdiction, interdiction, reconnaissance, close air support (CAS), and precision strike.
The Super Hornet was a reliable fighter
The Super Hornet also replaces special operations aircraft such as the S-3 Corsair and EA-6B Prowler. Like the previous Hornets, the Super Hornet comes in two forms: the F/A-18E for single-person use and the F/A-18F for two-person use.
Block II added an active radar system, an electronic scanning system (AESA), a helmet-mounted targeting system, and changes to the cockpit instrument panel to allow for more and more modern use on the battlefield.
Today, there are only two operating Super Hornets: the US Navy and the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF). The Australian mount entered service in 2010 as the successor to General Dynamics’ F-111 Aardvark, a Cold War-era long-range reserve fighter.
To date (2014), about 500 Super Hornets have been produced on both production lines, with Boeing ending production in 2014.
Boeing’s EA-18G Growler series is a special version of the Super Hornet mission designed to function as an Electronic Warfare Aircraft (EWA).
Based on the two-seat F/A-18F model, the EA-18G entered service in 2009 as the successor to Northrop Grumman’s four-seat EA-6B Prowler series, which was based on the Vietnam-era A-6 Intruder assault aircraft.
The advanced Super Hornet is another effort (by Boeing) to get future Lockheed F-35 Lightning II customers to use an advanced fourth-generation fighter in the role of an existing fourth-generation fighter. Although delayed and expensive, it will provide a bridge between the new F-35. As of 2014, it is still under development.
Engine types and maximum RPMs
The F/A-18E/F in its final configuration is powered by two General Electric F414-GE-400 turbofan engines. In dry conditions, each engine can deliver up to 13,000 lb-ft of torque, and with active afterburners, each engine can deliver up to 22,000 lb-ft of torque.
It has a maximum speed of Mach 1.8 (1,190 mph) and a range of 1,275 nautical miles. The Shuttle has a range of 1,800 nautical miles and an operating radius of about 390 nautical miles. The aircraft has an operational ceiling of about 50,000 feet and a recorded climb rate of 44,890 feet per minute.
Super Hornet Weapons and Other Capabilities
Its standard armament is the M61A2 20mm Gatling Vulcan cannon, with 578mm 20mm shells for short-range operations.
The winged carrier’s missiles are typically two AIM-9 Sidewinder short-range missiles. There are six hardpoints under the wings, which can carry missiles, bombs, rocket pods, and expendable fuel tanks as needed. There are three hardpoints under the fuselage.
The total capacity of the eleven hardpoints is 17,750 pounds of external storage. It is also compatible with the AIM-120 AMRAAM, AGM-65 Lone Ranger missile, AGM-84 Harpoon anti-ship missile, and AGM-88 HARM anti-radiation missile.
The high-precision weapons are just as clean as the traditional launchers. The Super Hornet is equipped with the original Hughes APG-73 radar and the more advanced Raytheon APG-79 (AESA) radar family.
It is equipped with BAe Systems’ Electronic Countermeasures (ECM), Northrop Grumman’s jamming pods, ALR-67’s Radar Repeater (RWR), and for added protection, ALE-50, and ALE-55 decoys It can be towed.
Super Hornet Combat Mission
Previously, the Super Hornet had been deployed to secure the “no-fly zone” in northern and southern Iraq until the U.S. invasion in 2003.
The aircraft then returned to the skies for air defense and bombing missions for the invading forces in 2003. External refueling and delivery brigades allowed the Super Hornets to refuel allied aircraft throughout the campaign.
Their combat operations then expanded into ongoing operations following the U.S. invasion of Afghanistan to eliminate Taliban forces, which began in early 2001.
Since then, the Super Hornet directly participated in airstrikes against ISIS forces in Syria and Iraq in September and October 2014, in an operation to slow ISIS’s advance in the region.
Australia’s Super Hornet has not been silent either and has recently participated in operations against ISIS. The Royal Australian Air Force’s Super Hornet employs a ground-based system because Australia does not have an aircraft carrier.