IDF Achzarit Armored Personnel Carrier Review of Technical Specifications – After capturing a large number of enemy T-55 tanks, the Israeli army developed the Azarit heavy armored troop carrier to match the Merkava tank.
IDF Achzarit Armored Personnel Carrier Review of Technical Specifications
|Type||Achzarit (Cruel) HAPC|
|Year of development||1988|
|Manufacturer||NIMDA/Rafael Advanced Defense Systems|
|Engine||It is powered by a single 850-horsepower diesel engine|
|Max Speed||65 km/h (40 mph)|
MilitaryEzyInfo.com – Since the Israeli army had shifted from field to urban combat early on, the need to modernize combat armor to meet the new requirements arose later.
Among them, the Merkava Main Battle Tank (MBT), delivered to the IDF in 1979, became the local solution, with over 2,000 models produced from four advanced brands.
With the advent of the Merkava, it became necessary to combine the tank with a heavily armored troop carrier for close combat, a vehicle suitable for transporting infantry that could withstand IEDs, rockets, and grenade attacks and fight from cover.
The capture of a large number of Soviet T-54/T-55 tanks provided the IDF with the basis for organizing a new tracked carrier, the Ahzarit (“Brutal”).
The Soviet tanks were heavily modified for this purpose, with the turret completely removed, the chassis redesigned, and the engine moved to the left side of the rear of the hull. The suspension has been upgraded to meet the IDF requirements.
The driver’s seat is located forward on the left side of the vehicle and the length of the vehicle is also forward. On the right side is the firing range under the Overhead Weapon Station (OWS), designed by Rafael of Israel.
Three of us are the main combat crew, with seven infantrymen left in the center of the hull. A corridor leads to a bottom shell door system mounted on the right side of the hull’s rear wall.
Each main crew station has an overhead compartment, while the remaining two hatches are assigned to the cockpit. Standard elements of the Azarit’s design include a suite of Night Vision (NV) for NBC (Nuclear, Biological, Chemical) and low light conditions.
The result is a design that favors the shallowest profile from any angle. The glacier panel is very flat and almost horizontal, with only the right rear section showing the raised portion of the hull roof.
The passenger compartment is equipped with vision blocks for enhanced situational awareness, and the vehicle is equipped with a locally developed Reactive Blast Armour (RBI) solution for enhanced defensive capabilities.
The armor is up to 200mm thick. A fire detection and suppression system has been added to control the spread of fire to the vehicle in the event of a direct hit.
The engine is a 650 horsepower water-cooled Detroit Diesel 8V-71 TTA series V8 engine. It was specifically chosen for its compact size to fit into the slightly limited space at the rear of the car.
The chassis has five dual exhaust road wheels on either side of the body, drive sprockets in the rear, and idles in the front. Side skirts protect the top of the track section, leaving the road wheels mostly uncovered.
Performance-wise, it has a top speed of 65km/h on public roads and a range of 600km.
The main armament is mounted on the OWS, a 7.62mm M240 medium caliber machine gun. Three swivel mounts have been added to increase the self-defense capability of the 3 x 7.62mm machine gun system, but these are for external use.
As a result, a prototype was released in 1987. Subsequent testing proved so successful that the design was officially accepted by the IDF, and trials were conducted in 1988.
It was produced at the Israel Artillery factory in Tel a Shomer. Early production included the Azarit Mk I, and later the Azarit Mk 2 with improved frame acceleration and power-to-weight ratio.
It was powered by a Detroit Diesel 8V-92TA, rated at 850 horsepower. Later versions also added a boxy superstructure with bulletproof glass at the commander’s location, allowing him to see his surroundings without direct exposure.
The Akhzarit has been involved in every major border engagement with the IDF since its inception, and its defensive capabilities have been proven time and again.
The only known variant of the vehicle is the Command Post Vehicle (CPV), which has upgraded its communications equipment to support the local coalition forces.