Is Russian Military The Strongest than Soviet? – On the eve of February 23, the Defender of the Fatherland Day, it is celebrated in the Soviet Union as well as in modern Russia. We thought: why not compare the power and efficiency of the Soviet and current Russian armies?
Is Russian Military The Strongest than Soviet?
MilitaryEzyInfo.com | I can already hear some snide remarks: how can we compare at all if the Soviet army is 5 million strong and the Russian one is just over 1 million servicemen? Still, let’s try.
1. Nuclear Weapons
But is it possible to judge the strength of an army just by the number of people standing in a combat formation? No, of course not!
For example, there are 1.4 million U.S. troops and almost as many in North Korea. In terms of military strength, their armies are simply not comparable. However, both the US and North Korea have nuclear missiles. Maybe that’s why Trump promised to “wipe out” North Korea first and even moved an aircraft carrier there, and then “scratched his head” and gave up? I don’t know…
My point is that the current Russian military (see table) has four times fewer nuclear missiles than the Soviet military. But as our experts quibble, a 10-15% nuclear charge is enough to leave “Stalin’s Strait” in its place in case of a nuclear attack from the US.
In other words, Russia’s nuclear might can level the playing field for any and even many military advantages.
2. Professionalism Solves Everything
Also, there were no professional contract soldiers or sergeants in the Soviet army. Conscripts became civilians after completing two years of military service (three years in the navy). And in our Russian army, there is a strong core of volunteer sergeants of the lower ranks who serve for five to ten or twenty years.
In today’s army, there are 450,000 of these! Add to this the 250,000 officers, warrant officers, and midshipmen, and you have two-thirds of our armed forces as a professional army.
3. Advanced Weapons
Talk about weaponry, when the Russian army was formed, it had 8-15% new armaments, now it has 60-65%.
And if we take into account that in recent years our armed forces have acquired a horde of supersonic systems equipped with nuclear bombs, we are clearly stronger in this field than the Soviet Union.
In the Soviet era, we owned only one supersonic missile (and even then, we didn’t have time to put it to use). And now we have over 180.
Even the Pentagon admitted that for the first time in history the US needs to “catch up with Moscow”.
4. Defense Expenditures
Anyone who carefully examines the comparative tables between the Soviet and Russian armies will, of course, notice that the Soviet Union has a quantitative advantage of three to four times in many types of military equipment. Sixty-six thousand tanks alone!
The reason is simple: the Cold War and the desperate arms race. There were years when the Soviet Union shipped more than 20% of its gross domestic product (GDP) for “combat armor” for its armed forces. Some experts believe that the Soviet Union collapsed because its economy could not withstand the military burden.
In the 1990s, in the new Russia, that figure dropped to 2%. And the military budget went down with it. There was a time when the military was supplied with one plane and two tanks per year.
But in the last ten years, our military has changed in all respects. But the government had to pay quite a bit for it – the reforms forced the government to increase the military budget to $60-65 billion per year (although it was still 11-12 times below the US budget). Russian defense spending increased to 3-5% in different years. But now it is already less than 3 percent. And at the same time, we have succeeded in raising the combat power of our armed forces to a height that our strongest enemies cannot underestimate.
5. 470 Bottles of Vodka for a Colonel
Over the past three decades, several changes have occurred in the material conditions of military personnel. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, the income of officers plummeted. A division commander (a general with 7,000 troops under his command! was being paid less than the head cleaner at a supermarket.
Since 2012, their salaries have only gone up significantly. Today, for example, a colonel gets 110,000 rubles a month.
It turns out that Russian officers are six times richer than the Soviets.
However, it is not that simple. In the Soviet Union, a colonel’s salary was equal to 160 monthly rent payments, and now it’s only 22. Do you feel the difference?
Hey, I don’t want to get too serious on my day off, but I remember in 1995 a general (who was still on the front lines) was terribly upset about the state of the Russian army and worried that it was no longer “invincible and legendary”. During the meal, he suggested to the Soviet troops that they “not stand and toast” as if they were toasting a dead man. I was stunned but drank with the veterans. And in 2015, I found myself next to him on the podium of the Victory Parade in Red Square. As the latest military equipment moved along the paving stones, the general stood up, even though he was holding a stick, and said, “Now you can drink 100 grams of the front and gave a military salute to the Russian troops.
Happy vacations to all the defenders of the motherland.
Is Russian Military The Strongest?