Israel HMMWV (Humvee) Review of Technical Specifications – Israel’s HMMWV (High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle with four-wheel drive) is still the backbone of the world’s ground forces, despite the fact that it has been on the market for almost 30 years.
Israel HMMWV (Humvee) Review of Technical Specifications
|Type||HMMWV (High Mobility Multi-Purpose Wheeled Vehicle) / (Humvee)|
|Year of development||1985|
|Development Status||In The Service|
|Engine||The 6.2-liter liquid-cooled, fuel-injected V8 diesel engine produces a maximum output of 150 hp at 3,600 rpm in a conventional four-wheel drive configuration|
|Max Speed||113 km/h (70 mph)|
MilitaryEzyInfo.com – With the exception of the M1 Abrams, the 4×4 Humvee series is probably the most representative armored vehicle of the US military.
Since its inception, the Humvee has been a staple of global and domestic military operations. Its straight, open stance and practical features have made once-cautious military personnel and the general public anticipate the next off-road novelty.
Development of the Hummer HMMWV
Today’s Hummer is the final evolution of the wartime Jeep, and its origins are indirectly tied to the low-powered 50 to 60 horsepower engines that were once the standard mode of transportation for those on grandfathered missions.
In February 1981, the U.S. Army recognized the need for a light four-wheel-drive tactical vehicle, dubbed the High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV), that could be moved into specific combat areas with the help of helicopters.
The Army had developed a series of small jeeps during World War II with great success, but this vehicle was still a design that successfully drew on its roots from another era. They have also attempted to modify civilian trucks to have the same function in a military way, but there are many problems with this modification.
Therefore, the HMMWV specifications call for a versatile solution that meets the needs of the Army, and the US Air Force and Marine Corps will be interested as well.
The current demand is for a multipurpose product with common components that can be easily converted to other functions. The U.S. Army’s demands were high, perhaps too ambitious, but they were urgent.
In July of that year, the U.S. Army invited AM General, Chrysler Defense, and Teledyne Continental to demonstrate prototypes of more than 11 vehicles, each using a common chassis and modified to have multi-purpose capabilities that could be used on the battlefield. The prototypes included a towing system, an airplane, and a helicopter.
The prototypes included a towing system, an unarmored base vehicle, and a hardened ground combat ambulance. Testing began in April 1982, and the design competition was won by AM General.
Interestingly, AM General’s predecessor was the Willys-Overland Company, which produced jeeps at the time of World War II. Willis-Overland was acquired by Kaiser in 1953 and became Kaiser-Jeep Corporation, which was indirectly transferred to AM General.
American Motors acquired Kaiser-Jeep in 1970 and made it a subsidiary of AM General. At that time, the company was still specializing in the production of military trucks to meet the needs of the US military.
Later, AM was acquired by LTV in 1983, and then by the Rentech Group in 2004.
AM General offered a skeleton four-wheel-drive system, a front-mounted diesel engine combined with an automatic transmission, a spacious cabin, and excellent off-road performance.
On March 22, 1983, AM General won a $1.2 billion contract to build and deliver 55,000 HMMWVs, winning the Army’s support for the new system. Other orders totaling nearly 70,000 prototypes were received from the US Air Force, US Navy, and US Marine Corps.
The development of the HMMWV was accelerated in order to strengthen the position of the US military. As a result, the system had obvious shortcomings in terms of military difficulty.
Maintenance costs for early HMMWVs were high for Army mechanics, and the inherent reliability of early vehicles was unsatisfactory. As a result, the Comptroller General made an effort to limit the award of large production contracts to AM companies.
The Senate’s approval on June 14, 1984, forced the U.S. Army to conduct further testing and evaluation of the HMMWV design.
During this time, AM General solved many problems, both large and small, and after testing by the US Army, Navy, and Marine Corps, the HMMWV was ready for mass production.
When was the HMMWV first introduced?
The HMMWV was first used in anger during Operation Just Cause, the 1989 U.S. invasion of Panama to overthrow dictator Manuel Noriega (also the operation in which Lockheed’s F-117 Nighthawk was introduced).
The operational performance of the type was generally excellent, with excellent reliability and good performance in hostile wartime environments.
Eventually, the HMMWV adopted the generic names A0, A1, and A2 (A0 was retroactively adopted after the US Army used the term A1).
The A0 was Hummer’s first mass-produced model, powered by a 6.2-liter, 150-horsepower, V8, liquid-cooled diesel engine. This engine was mated to a GM THM400 automatic transmission, and a four-wheel-drive was provided.
In September 1992, a heavier version of the A0, the M1097 HHV (Heavy Duty Hummer variant ) was introduced.
This new model had improved features and a longer range compared to the original A0.
The A1, introduced in 1994, was based on the M1097 HHV with modified front seats, grille, and gun mounts. This car got the name M998A1.
The A1 series includes the M998A1, M1038A1, M1097A1, M996A1, M997A1, M1035A1, M966A1, M1045A1, M1025A1, M1026A1, M1043A1, and M1044A1 models.
HMMWV A2 and Its Variants
The A2 is one of the best Hummer models, originating from the M998A1. It had a newly developed 6.5-liter 160-horsepower diesel engine mated to a 4-speed digital automatic transmission.
The A2 is also equipped with CTIS (Central Tire Inflation System) which can be added as an option in the field. This on-demand adjustment allows the operator to take direct control of the Humvee, even in the harshest off-road conditions imaginable.
The A2 series includes the M1097A2 (available in three variants: base, tractor, and shelter), M1123A2, M997A2, M1035A2, M1025A2, M1043A2, and M1045A2.
ECVs (Extended Power Variant) is another successful example of the A2 series. These are powered by a new 6.5-liter 190 hp turbocharged engine with increased capacity.
The M1116, like the latter, was used by base security personnel of the US Air Force.
The M1151 is a weapons transport type, while the M1152 is a cargo and amphibious transport vehicle. Both are based on the Hummer ECH. The ECH series includes the M113, M1114, M1116, M1151, and M1152 models.
Humvees equipped with TOW missiles
For the general public, armored Humvees remain the most attractive and familiar. The most notable are TOW-equipped Humvees, currently equipped with the Army and US Marine Corps TOW-2B anti-tank missile system.
TOW missiles have the amazing property of flying in a straight line at high altitude, then rapidly ascending and descending to hit the thinnest and weakest part of the armored vehicle, the roof.
A Humvee equipped with TOW products can also be equipped with a weapon mount, consisting of a ring to secure the weapon to the roof of the Humvee’s cabin.
Thus, this position can be used to mount weapons used by various crews, such as the Browning M2HB air-cooled 50 caliber machine gun, the Mk19 Mod3 air-cooled 40mm automatic grenade launcher, the M60 7.62mm multi-purpose machine gun, and the M240 7.62mm rifle. Multi-purpose machine gun. There is also a night scene.
The Humvee also created a deterrent air defense role with the Stinger, a proven and capable short-range air-to-air missile.
The Humvee is essentially an M1037 air defense hall, with a single 360-degree turret capable of defeating eight powerful IR/UV fragmentation Stinger missiles in two pods of four rounds each.
The Stinger missiles have the ability to track and strike enemy air targets from all directions, not just from the awkward rear of some aircraft. A laser rangefinder is built into the turret system.
Called the “Avenger,” the turret system is inherently detachable and is used as a weapons system.
Recently, an advanced and rugged mobile air defense system has been named “SLAMRAAM” (or “HUMRAAM”). It is a modified Humvee-like system that uses the currently popular AIM-120 air-to-air missile (AMRAAM).
The SLAMRAAM was manufactured by Raytheon and was intended to be used in conjunction with the existing short-range Avenger system; the six AMRAAM missiles were staggered and mounted in a rear-mounted rack system. The chassis was a Humvee M1113 ECH.
After the 2003 U.S. invasion of Iraq, Humvee drivers were issued an armor upgrade kit (capable of hitting 7.62mm shells), but the field upgrades equipped the utility Humvee with an open-top ring assembly to In the field, it protected the gunner. Additional armor was added to the sides and rear, called “up-armored.”
Later, official side door mounts were made optional to protect coalition convoys from attack.
Humvee in Action in Iraq
The Humvee M1114 armored vehicle became the standard for combat Humvees in Iraq. In the base vehicle provided by AM General, the Ogala Hess and Eisenhart were required to be fitted with armor.
While these systems improved crew survival, they were not enough to improve Iraqi guerrilla tactics and their improvised explosive devices.
Nevertheless, the M1114 remains an improvement on the basic Humvee, and many survival stories of bombed-out Humvees and their survivors have been (and continue to be) produced.
Also, in Afghanistan, the Humvee proved to be an excellent all-terrain vehicle. With lessons learned on two battlefields in South Asia, the Humvee proved time and again to be critical to U.S. forces in the region.
The Humvee in Afghanistan is well represented in the M1114 series of armored vehicles and the “light” version of the Quick Reaction Force.
As the legend of the HMMWV developed on the battlefield, it soon debuted as a civilian vehicle and was highly praised by the public.
The civilian version was the Hummer H2
The civilian version, known as the “Hummer,” was introduced in 1992 as the “Hummer H1. Some of these H1s were purchased by the US military as VIP vehicles.
GM released the production Hummer H2 in 2003 and the Hummer H3 in 2006; while the H1 had a strong military affinity, including its boxy appearance, GM’s product is entirely “civilian” and bears little resemblance to the official AM GM product.
The H2 and H3 maintained their off-road capabilities but were distinctly different from the “elite” military versions like the HMMWV and H1.
By the end of 2005, about 180,000 HMMWVs were finally produced, and full-scale production began in 1985. The HMMWV designation is also used in the nomenclature of the U.S. military, but it is referred to verbally as “Humvee.
Since this designation is specific to the military HMMWV system, the nomenclature applied to civilian HMMWVs is “Hummer”, as in “Hummer H1”.
The HMMWV is manufactured at AM General’s assembly plant in South Bend, Indiana. Each unit is carefully road tested to provide superior sound and product, and in many ways support the logistics of the US military.
In addition, the U.S. Border Patrol has deployed approximately 100 Hummer H1s in various raids along the U.S.-Mexico border.
So, even though the Hummer family was born in the early 1980s and is now almost 30 years old, it has inevitably become a mainstay throughout combat units in many countries, especially in the United States.
It was a revolutionary design from the start, and AM General praised it. The HUMWV will continue to exist as a US military vehicle.
In August 2015, it was announced that Oshkosh’s Articulated Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV) had won the competition to replace the HUMVEE line.
Its design outperformed competing products from Lockheed and AM General. The initial order is for 17,000 vehicles to be produced under the $6.7 billion contract.
Production is expected to begin in 2016, with the U.S. military acquiring operational capability in 2018.