Israel LAR-160 MLR System Review of Technical Specifications – The LAR-160 is a 160mm caliber Light Artillery Rocket (hence the name LAR) with a minimum range of 12km and a maximum range of 45km from multiple launchers.
Israel LAR-160 MLR System Review of Technical Specifications
|Year of development||1983|
|Development Status||Active in combat|
|Manufacturer||Israel Military Industries|
|Engine||AMX-13 chassis: 1 x 8-cylinder water-cooled gasoline engine, 250 hp|
|Max Speed||55 km/h (34 mph)|
MilitaryEzyInfo.com – The LAR-160 is a highly successful, cost-effective Multiple Launch Rocket System (MLRS) weapon manufactured in Israel and has been installed on several aircraft carriers, including the French AMX-13 light tank.
For decades, the mainstay of ground forces was the rocket-propelled vehicle. In World War II (1939-1945), its value was recognized by the Soviet Army at the Berlin Parade, and the armies of many countries still possess this modern equipment.
Capable of firing missiles with a variety of warheads (including chemical weapons and submunitions) from behind the front lines, this system provided an economical yet extremely useful battlefield scale.
In the late 1970s, the Israeli Munitions Industry (IMI) began developing a new missile package called the LAR-160. This package contained 13 3.4 mm 160 mm rockets in a hard case.
This case can be combined with another round (26 rounds in total) and mounted on a cruciform cross mechanism to give the vehicle tactical flexibility and maneuverability.
The launcher has a quick release feature, allowing it to be ready to fire in a short time. The launch tube, on the other hand, must be removed from the missile within 60 seconds. Reloading takes five minutes. The range of this missile is up to 45 kilometers.
The original missile was the Mark I. It weighed 100 kg and carried a 40 kg HE-COFRAM warhead (detonated by impact or proximity fuze).
The Mark was followed by Mark II, which used a 46 kg warhead and had a total weight of 110 kg. The warhead depended on whether it was a high-explosive submunition or a primitive submunition. Primitive submunitions were ejected over the target area, exerting an area saturation effect, and were particularly effective against concentrated enemy infantry. The Mark IV is a more modern development of the missile for the LAR-160 system.
The LAR-160 was accepted by the IDF but was eventually acquired by units in Azerbaijan, Chile, Georgia, and Kazakhstan.
Argentina installed the LAR-160 system on its TAM “VCLC” vehicles, while Romania developed a local variant called LAROM (supported by Israel). Venezuela used the chassis of the French AMX-13 tank.
The LAR-160 system is known to have participated in combat operations (along with Georgian forces) in the 2008 war between Georgia and Russia in South Ossetia.