List of US Military Interventions – here is a list of all American military operations. Due to a large amount of data, the descriptions of each violation are very brief.
List of US Military Interventions Since 1798 – Now
Each list is based on the publications of journalists and researchers, who, in turn, in most cases refer to each other. However, there is virtually no scientific research on the subject, which, in chronological order, based on historical facts, would reflect a relatively complete picture.
Such research is somewhat anti-propaganda in nature, and therefore does not receive Western funding from either public or private sponsors. Therefore, all serious work on this topic is carried out by enthusiastic scientists, who at their own expense in their spare time work in various archives and collect the necessary information.
One such enthusiast is Dr. Zoltan Grossman, Professor of Geography and Country Studies at Evergreen State College in Olympia, Washington, who worked early in his academic career as editor of the Encyclopedia Britannica.
After years of archival research, the historian compiled the most comprehensive list of American military operations and interventions between 1890 and 2014. Briefing on the results of this work is designed as a PowerPoint presentation.
Sources of this work include, in addition to news reports in the media of different years, the Congressional Record (23 June 1969), 180 Landings by the U.S. Marine Corps History Division, Ege & Makhijani in Counterspy (July-Aug, 1982), “Instances of Use of United States Forces Abroad, 1798-1993” by Ellen C. Collier of the Library of Congress Congressional Research Service, and Ellsberg in Protest & Survive.
The results of this work allow the United States to be listed in the Guinness Book of World Records as the most aggressive country with the largest number of foreign interventions.
List of US Military Interventions Since 1798 – Now
Let us proceed directly to the list of military operations. Due to a large amount of data, the description of each aggression is very brief.
|2004||Haiti||The landing of the Marine Corps. Organized by the CIA seizure of power from President Aristide.|
|2003-present||Iraq||The occupation forces of 150 thousand people are involved in a long counterinsurgency war.|
|2003||Iraq||The military invasion overthrew Saddam Hussein's mode and established a new mode|
|2001||Afghanistan||Aerial attacks and ground invasion overthrew the Taliban and established a new regime.|
|2001||Macedonia||NATo troops invaded and disarmed Albanian militants.|
|1999||Yugoslavia||NATO air attacks|
|1998||Iraq||Four days of intense bombardment and missile attacks|
|1998||Afghanistan||Attacks on targets|
The air attack destroyed the main pharmaceutical plant
|1997||Liberia||Troops are deployed|
|1996-1997||Zaire (Congo)||Marine Corps Invaded Eastern Regions|
|1995||Croatia||Airfields of Serbia were attacked.|
|1994-1996||Haiti||The troops removed the junta and returned President Aristide to his office.
|1993-1995||Bosnia||Military intervention by land forces and Air Force|
|1992-1994||Yugoslavia||The main role in NATO's blockade of Serbia and Montenegro|
|1992-1994||Somalia||Invasion of Special Forces|
|1991||Haiti||Conspiracy organized by the CIA against President Jean-Bertrand Aristide.|
|1991-2003||Iraq||Airspace control, periodic bombardments|
|1990-1991||Iraq||Sea blockade, aerial bombardment, invasion of Kuwait
|1990||Liberia||Deployment of troops|
|1989-1990||Panama||The Navy, Air Force, and 27,000 troops are involved in the overthrow of President Noriega.
|1989||Philippines||CIA and special forces participate in counterinsurgency operations.|
|1989||Libya||A Navy aircraft shot down a Libyan aircraft over the Gulf of Sidr.|
|1987-1988||Iran||The naval blockade of Iran. Shot down an airliner.|
|1986||Bolivia||Special forces participated in a counterinsurgency operation|
|1986||Libya||Air Force planes bombed Tripoli and Benghazi, including the residence of Muammar Gadaffi. (Muamar al Qadaffi).|
|1984||Iran||Two Iranian planes shot down over the Persian Gulf|
|1983-1989||Honduras||Military assistance in Nicaragua|
|1983||Grenada||Military Invasion of Grenada|
|1982-1984||Lebanon||The landing of the Marine Corps, supported by the fire of the Navy ships
|1981-1990||Nicaragua||The CIA launched Operation Contra. The Air Force dropped mines in the harbor.|
|1981-1992||El Salvador||CIA and special forces began a long counterinsurgency campaign.|
|1981||Libya||BMs plane shot down two Libyan over the Mediterranean Sea.|
|1980||Iran||Special units landed in the Iranian desert. The helicopter malfunction caused the raid to stop.|
|1976-1992||Angola||Military and CIA operations|
|1975||Cambodia||The landing of the Marine Corps, fighting with government troops.|
|1973||Chili||Organized by the CIA putsch against President Allende. General Pinochet came to power.|
|1971-1973||Laos||Invasion of American and South Vietnamese forces|
|1970||Oman||Counterinsurgency operations, including coordination with the Iranian maritime invasion|
|1969-1975||Cambodia||Organized by the CIA coup against Prince Sihanouk, which brought to power Lon Nol. Intensive bombing along with the Vietnamese bombing.|
|1966||Ghana||Conspiracy organized by the CIA against President Kwame Nkrumah.|
|1965||Dominican Republic||The landing of 23,000 contingent|
|1965||Congo||The CIA-led military coup that overthrew President Joseph Kasavubu and put Joseph Mobutu in power.|
|1965||Indonesia||A CIA-supported military coup that overthrew President Sukarno and put General Suharto in power.|
|1965-1975||Vietnam||The military invasion of 500,000 troops. Full-scale war, which lasted 10 years.|
|1964||Brazil||In the CIA-backed military coup that overthrew Joao Goulart's government, General Castello Branco took over.
|1964||Panama||Clashes in the channel area between U.S. military and local residents|
|1963||Ecuador||The overthrow of President Jose Maria Valesco Ibarra, supported by the CIA.|
|1962||Laos||CIA-supported military coup|
|1962||Cuba||Nuclear threat and naval blockade|
|1961||Cuba||CIA-supported invasion of the Gulf of Pigs|
|1960-1964||Vietnam||The gradual introduction of military advisers and special forces|
|1960||Congo||Planned CIA overthrow and assassination of Prime Minister Patrice Lumumba.|
|1959||Haiti||Disembarkation of Marine Corps|
|1958||Panama||Clashes in the canal area between U.S. forces and local residents|
|1958||Lebanon||The landing of 14 thousand military contingent|
|1954||Guatemala||The CIA overthrew President Jacobo Arbenz Guzman.|
|1954||Vietnam||Financial and material support for the French military operation, followed by direct military intervention.
|1953||Iran||The CIA overthrew the government of Prime Minister Mohamed Mossadigo.|
|1950-1953||Korea||The Korean Peninsula War|
|1948-1954||Philippines||CIA "Secret War", commando operations.|
|1948||Italy||CIA intervention in national elections|
|1947-1949||Greece||Troops conduct a three-year counterinsurgency campaign.|
U.S. troops of 100,000 men have entered the country, training the local military.
|1946||Iran||Troops are deployed in the northern province|
|1934||China||Marine Corps is planted in Foochow.|
|1933||Cuba||Placing the Navy|
|1932||El Salvador||Naval invasion|
|1927-1934||China||The Navy and troops are deployed throughout the country.
|1925||Panama||Disembarkation of Marines and participation in operations|
|1924-1925||Honduras||Troops landed twice during a 2-year period|
|1922-1927||China||The Navy and troops are deployed for 5 years.|
|1922||Turkey||The Marines attacked Sirena (Smyrna) (Izmir).|
|1919||Honduras||Disembarkation of Marine Corps|
The landing of the Marine Corps in Dalmatia.
|1918-1922||Russia||Military operations of the BMF and the Army in several zones during the 5-year period.|
|1918-1920||Panama||A military invasion, followed by "police duty" for 2 years.|
Sea landing. Subsequent 15-year occupation.
|1916-1924||Dominican Republic||Military invasion and the subsequent 8-year occupation.|
|1914-1934||Haiti||The landing of troops, air attack, and the subsequent 19-year occupation.|
|1915-1916||Mexico||Expeditionary Force led by General John D. John J. Pershing crossed the Texas border and invaded several hundred miles into Mexico. More than 11 thousand people participated.|
|1914||Mexico||Troops captured and occupied the largest city of Veracruz from April to November.|
|1914||Dominican Republic||The Navy took part in the battle of Santo Domingo.|
|1913||Mexico||The landing of the Marines in Cialis Estero.|
|1912-1933||Nicaragua||The landing of the Marine Corps, followed by a 20-year occupation.
|1912||Honduras||Disembarkation of Marine Corps|
|1912||Cuba||The US sent troops to Havana.|
|1911-1941||China||The U.S. has established a military presence in the country with 50,000 troops and a fleet of 44 ships patrolling the seashores and rivers.|
|1911||Honduras||Disembarkation of Marine Corps|
|1910||Nicaragua||The landing of the Marines in Bluefields and Corinto.
|1908||Panama||Disembarkation of Marine Corps and operation|
|1907||Honduras||The landing of the Marines and taking the garrisons in the cities of Trudgilla, Ceiba, Puerto Cortez, San Pedro, Laguna, and Choloma.
|1907||Nicaragua||Troops captured the main centers.
|1906-1909||Cuba||The Marines landed at Guantanamo Bay, where they established a base.
|1904-1905||Korea||The Marine Corps landed and stayed in Seoul.|
|1903||Dominican Republic||Marines landed in Santo Domingo.|
|1903||Honduras||Marine Corps landing on the shore of Puerto Cortez.|
|1903||Guam||The Navy began accommodation in Apra Harbor for the permanent base.|
|1903||Colombia/Panama||With the support of the USA, a part of the northern territories of Colombia declared independence as the state of Panama.|
|1902||Colombia/Panama||Troops landed in Bocas de Toro.|
|1901||Colombia/Panama||Disembarkation of Marine Corps|
|1900||China||Intervention in several directions|
|1899||Nicaragua||The Marines landed in the port city of Bluefields.|
|1899||Philippines||The military units carried out an anti-insurgency operation.|
|1898||Philippines||The Spanish Navy crashed the Spanish fleet, and America took control of the country.|
|1898||Puerto Rico||The Navy and troops took the island from Spain, and it became US property.
|1898||Cuba||The Navy and troops took Cuba away from Spain.|
|1898||Guam||The Navy seized the island of Guam from Spain, and the United States made its possession.
|1898||Nicaragua||Marines landing in the port city of San Juan del Sur.|
Marine Corinthians landed in the port of Corinth
|1895||Colombia||Marine Corps siege Boco del Toro|
Marine Corps landed, Seoul besieged
|1894-1895||China||The Marines are located in the cities of Tientsin and Beijing. The ship took up a position at Newchwang.|
|1894||Nicaragua||Marine Corps landed at Blofield, east coast.|
|1893||Hawaii||Marines and troops landed and overthrew the monarchy.|
|1891||Haiti||Marine Corps landed on islands|
American troops landed and captured Valparaiso.
|1890||Argentina||American sailors landed in Buenos Aires.|
|1889||Samoa||Collisions with German Navy|
|1888||Samoa||Marine Corps Landed|
|1887||Hawaii||The Navy has achieved the right to a permanent VMB|
|1885||Samoa||The naval force deployed.
|1885||Colombia (Panama region)||Troops landed in the cities of Colon and Panama.|
|1882||British Egypt||Troops landed
|1876||Mexico||The army reoccupied Matamoros|
|1874||Hawaii||Landed sailors and marine corps|
|1873||Colombia (Panama region)||Marine Corps Landed|
|1870||Colombia||Marine Corps Landed
|1868||Uruguay||Moscow infantry planted in Montevideo|
|1868||Japan||The Navy is deployed in Osaka, Hyogo, Nagasaki, Yokohama, and Negata.|
|1867||Midway||The Navy seized the islands of the Hawaiian Archipelago for the construction of the Navy.|
|1867||Formosa (Taiwan)||Disembarkation of the Moscow infantry|
|1867||Nicaragua||The Marines are planted in Managua and Lyon.|
|1866||China||Marine Corps landing in Newchwang.|
|1866||Colombia (Panama region)||Troops besieged and captured Matamoros, later withdrawn.|
|1865||Colombia (Panama region)||Marines|
|1864||Japan||The landing of troops in Yedo.|
|1863||Japan||The landing of troops in Shimonoseki.|
|1860||Colombia (Panama region)||Troops and Navy have been deployed.|
|1860||Portuguese West Africa||The landing of troops in Kissembo.|
Troops entered the northern territories.
|1859||China||Troops entered Shanghai.|
|1859||Paraguay||Large naval forces entered.
|1858||Uruguay||Naval landing in Montevideo.|
|1856||Hawaii||The Navy captured the small islands of Jarvis, Baker, and Howland.
|1856||China||The Marine Corps entered Canton.
|1856||Colombia (Panama region)||Marines landing in a counterinsurgency campaign.|
|1855||Uruguay||The landing in Montevideo.|
|1854||Japan||Commodore Peri and his fleet entered Yokohama.|
|1854||Nicaragua||The Navy fired on and destroyed the city of San Juan del Norte. The Marines landed and burned the city.
|1852-1853||Argentina||Marine Corps landing in Buenos Aires.|
|1849||Ottoman Empire (Turkey)||The Navy attacked Smyrna.|
|1846-1848||Mexico||Full-scale war. Mexico lost half of its territory under the Treaty of Guadeloupe Hidalgo.
|1843||Ivory Coast (Côte d'Ivoire)||Marine Corps landing party|
|1843||China||The Marines are planted in Canton.|
|1842||Mexico||The Navy temporarily occupied the cities of Monterey and San Diego.|
|1841||Samoa||The Navy was dispatched and the Marines landed.|
|1840-1841||Fiji||The Navy was dispatched and the Marines landed.|
|1838||Sumatra, Dutch East India||The Navy was sent to Sumatra to conduct a punitive expedition.|
|1837||Canada||The naval incident at the border with Canada led to a general mobilization to invade Canada. The war has almost begun.
|1836||Mexico||Troops helped the Texas War of Independence.|
|1835-1836||Peru||Troops invaded twice for counterinsurgency operations.|
|1833||Argentina||Troops landed in Buenos Aires and engaged in battle with Argentinean troops.|
|1832||Sumatra, Dutch East India||The American squadron attacked Qallah Battoo.|
|1831||Falkland Islands / Malvinas||A US Navy squadron attacked the Falkland Islands in the South Atlantic.
|1827||Greece||Marine Corps landed on the islands of Argentina, Mikuni, and Andross (Argentiere, Miconi and Andross).|
|1822-1825||Spanish Cuba and Puerto Rico||Numerous landings of the Marine Corps in Cuba and Puerto Rico.|
|1816-1819||Spanish East Florida||The troops attacked and captured Nicholls' Fort, Amelia Island, and other strategic positions. Spain actually lost East Florida.
|1815||Algeria and Tripoli||The American Navy under the command of Captain Stephen Decatur taught "The Second Barbaric War" in North Africa.
|1814-1825||France, Britain, and Spain in the Caribbean||The American squadron prevented British, Spanish, and French navigation in the Caribbean.|
|1814||Spain (East Florida)||The capture of Pensacola in East Florida, Spain.|
|1813||Marquesas Islands||The troops captured Nukahiva and established the first American Navy in the Pacific Ocean.|
|1812||Britannia||The War of 1812, including naval and landing operations.|
|1812||Spanish East Florida||Troops captured Amelia Island and the surrounding area.|
|1810||Spanish West Florida||Troops invaded and occupied West Florida, a Spanish possession.
|1806-1810||French and Spanish Caribbean||American ships attacked French and Spanish shipping in the Caribbean.|
|1806||Spanish Mexico||Armed forces invaded Spanish territory in the sources of Rio Grande.
|1801-1805||Tripoli||The war with Tripoli (Libya), called "The First Barbaric War".|
|1798-1800||France||The undeclared naval war against France, landing in Porto Plateau.|
10 Military Operations That Could Change The World
10 Military Operations – In search of a means to end war or conflict, a brilliant plan is the right thing to do. But sometimes these plans are out of business for some reason. Whether it’s good or bad for the world as a whole – one can only think, because we will never know. But what would have happened if the operations had been completed?
Top 10 Military Operations of All Time
Here are ten military operations that would have completely changed the course of history, but were abandoned.
The Warsaw question
At the beginning of World War II, Germany captured Warsaw, its inhabitants were shocked and naturally resisted. For several years, despite all the German tricks, the inhabitants of Warsaw, especially the Jews of the Warsaw ghetto, were not easily given into the hands of the chasteners in most of the city and especially in the ruins. To Hitler and his adviser, it seemed too complicated and long process. So it was decided to simply get rid of Warsaw, and build another, more German city in its place.
Rescue of POWs in Vietnam
In the early 80’s it was reported that some prisoners of war of the Vietnam War are still alive in Vietnam and Laos. The elite of the army – the Delta group – was chosen to plan and carry out the operation to rescue the prisoners.
If the allies abandoned the atomic bombs, they would need a contingency plan to conquer Japan. The invasion operation was called “Downfall”, beginning with the southern island of Kyushu in October 1945, the troops were to gradually move higher. According to preliminary estimates, the U.S. troops should have lost between 250,000 and 400,000 men if they had been introduced under this scheme. Accordingly, 500,000 purple hearts, medals for soldiers who had died or been wounded in action, were produced in anticipation of losses. Nearly seventy years have passed since World War II, and all U.S. military losses during that time have not exceeded the estimated death toll of Operation Downfall. In 2003, another 120,000 medals remained.
During the Second World War, Britain decided that this was a great time for non-standard solutions. That’s how Operation Vegetarian appeared in 1942 – anthrax was to fall on German fields, cattle would be infected, which would lead to millions of deaths and food shortages.
Operation “Huele a Quemado”
In 1977, Panamanian General Omar Torrichoz and American President Jimmy Carter negotiated the return of the Panama Canal Zone, which was then under American control. After intense negotiations, Carter agreed to return the territory to Panama, which was done. However, if the outcome of the negotiations had been different, Torrichoz would have pulled the ace out of his sleeve – he believed that if Panama did not return this territory, it should not belong to anyone else. Under the code name “Huele a Quemado”, the operation to destroy the disputed territory was developed.
The army of the ocean coast
In search of a new goal, Napoleon drew attention to his longtime enemy – England. Shortly before the formation of the Third Coalition, Napoleon was working to form an Army of the ocean coast, which was to invade England. Two hundred thousand soldiers were trained in Boulogne to later form this very army. However, they were destined to become part of Napoleon’s Great Army.
After the Cuban missile crisis, the U.S. government began to suspect that Fidel Castro’s power in Cuba did not promise the United States anything good. The U.S. military conceived to bribe loyal communists from Miami and give them enough weapons to provoke unrest. It would show the Americans that Castro was really planning an attack on the USA, which would untie his hands to attack Cuba, probably with the allied forces.
In 1954, the French were busy defending the territory of Indochina from Communist partisans. The army was on the verge, and it was decided to turn to the Americans for help. The head of the French army flew to Washington for a personal conversation with President Eisenhower. The plan was formulated as soon as possible, and it determined which areas of Vietnam were to become the next Hiroshima – America was to drop three nuclear bombs on Vietnam simultaneously.
After the Vichy government was approved in France, the German aircraft found themselves in the South American range through bases in Africa, and Brazil – a treasure trove of natural resources. The U.S. government believed that after the defeat in Moscow, the Germans would bring their anger to the West, and after Pearl Harbor that the invasion of Brazil was a fairly reliable plan. They became even more firmly established in that decision when loyalty to the Nazis was established by some Brazilian dictators. A study of the Brazilian forces showed that they were weak enough and that the plan was developed in sufficient detail.
Despite its neutrality, Switzerland waited for an invasion at any moment and actually raised the draft age to 60 to increase the army to protect the country. Hitler promised to respect neutrality, but the Swiss didn’t particularly trust his words, especially after he had attacked non-enemy countries such as the Soviet Union. In addition, Hitler told Italian diplomats that he believed Switzerland had the most disgusting people in the political system and was the mortal enemy of the new Germany.