T-45 Goshawk Cost, Specs, Review, Manufacturer – The U.S. Navy’s T-45 Goshawk is a heavily modified version of the BAe Eagle land-based trainer to meet the demanding requirements of carrier operations.
T-45 Goshawk Cost, Specs, Review, Manufacturer
|Type||Boeing (McDonnell Douglas) T-45 Goshawk|
|Unit Cost||$17.2 million|
|Year of development||1991|
|Development Status||Active, in-service|
|Manufacturer||Boeing / BAE Systems|
|Engine||1 The Rolls-Royce Turbomeca F405-RR-401 turbocharger produces 5,527 pounds of thrust|
|Max Speed||560 knots (645 mph)|
MilitaryEzyInfo.com – The McDonnell Douglas/Boeing T-45 Eagle is the naval version of British Aerospace’s (now BAe Systems) Eagle land-based aircraft, known as the Eagle Mk. 60.
T-45 Goshawk Launch Year
The Goshawk simulator, jointly built by BAe Systems and Boeing’s newest subsidiary McDonnell Douglas, will contribute to the flight training programs of the US Navy and US Marine Corps.
The T-45s aged out in the 1990s, but are expected to serve the U.S. military until 2035. More than 200 Eagle aerial images have been distributed to date.
The first BAe Systems Eagle debuted on August 21, 1974, and has been used in Australia, Bahrain, Canada, Finland, India, Indonesia, Kenya, Kuwait, Malaysia, Oman, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, and Zimbabwe. As a cost-effective dual-role agent, it can be used in many countries.
Jet Trainer With Excellent Cost Performance
As a cost-effective dual role agent, it often maintains a ground attack capability. The Hawk is owned by the Royal Air Force’s famous aerobatic team, the Red Arrows, and is also used as the Royal Air Force’s primary jet trainer.
Switzerland had been using the Hawks since 1992, but ceased operations in 2002 and sold some of its aircraft in 2007.
Early Development of The T-45 Goshawk
In 1977, the U.S. Navy was seeking a solution to upgrade its existing North American Platinum T-2C and Douglas TA-4J Skyhawk II trainers to a modernized and upgraded aircraft carrier.
The next logical step was to create the VTXTS program in 1978 to oversee these requirements. British Aerospace seized the opportunity and partnered with the U.S. Navy’s McDonnell Douglas Corporation to push the possibility of developing the aircraft.
The U.S. Navy accepted the offer and signed a production contract with the joint venture in 1981, which led to a major upgrade of the Hawk for U.S. Navy carrier operations.
The basic fuselage of the Eagle was retained, but the design was enhanced to make it suitable for carrier operations.
Tail linkages and catapult mounts were installed, and the undercarriage clearance was modified. Improvements were made to the low-speed aircraft to meet the carrier’s lending requirements.
First Flight Modification in 1988
The first Hawk modified aircraft flew on April 16, 1988, and the Hawk entered service in 1991, commonly referred to as the “Goshawk”.
Production of the components was split between British and American factories. The British were responsible for the wings, main fuselage, intakes, and vertical tail, while the Americans were responsible for tail assembly, cockpit, and nose assembly, undercarriage, and final engine assembly.
British Aerospace became BAe Systems, and McDonnell Douglas was absorbed by aviation giant Boeing in the late 1990s, and the T-45’s official name, “Goshawk,” became nothing more than a trademark.
There are only two variants of the Goshawk
There are basically only two variants of the Goshawk, the first being a modified version of the two-seater T-45A trainer. It was initially sold with a simulated cockpit and was maintained for a long time.
The T-45C was an improved and upgraded version of the T-45A series developed later. Improvements included the introduction of inertial navigation and a digital cockpit.
The T-45C, which entered service in December 1997, is the latest “Goshaw” standard to upgrade the earlier T-45A models as part of the T-45 “RAMP” program (Required Aviation Modernization Program).
It is worth noting that there is a “T-45B” designation. This is a “Goshawk” development proposal to create a ground-based version of the T-45A that would not have its own transport capability.
The effort was launched in 1994, but despite the successful development of the T-45B, it was ultimately abandoned in favor of a more cost-effective alternative.
T-45 Goshawk Design
The exterior of the T-45 series consisted of two seats arranged in tandem, one for the student (front) and one for the instructor (rear). The fuselage design is standard, with a forward-facing cockpit that provides good forward and sides visibility. The instructor can see up, down, and forward in the cockpit.
The fuselage is relatively short, with two small elliptical air intakes on either side, which are sucked into engine mounts buried in the center of the fuselage. The wings are fixed and low, swept along the straight leading and trailing edges.
The spine of the fuselage slopes downward to form the base of a single vertical tail fin. It is further strengthened by a pair of removable horizontal tail fins mounted on top of the main wing assembly.
The engine exits through a loop at the very rear of the fuselage. The layout is a three-wheel drive with the landing gear fully extended. The nose outrigger is raised under the cockpit floor and the main outrigger is bent towards the centerline.
All undercarriage support is single-wheeled. The grappling hooks for the canopy cables are attached to the back under a hollow rock bottom.
Engine and Maximum Speed T-45 Goshawk
The aircraft is powered by an Anglo-French Rolls-Royce F405-RR-401 (a.k.a. “Adder”) turbocharged engine that delivers up to 527 pounds of thrust.
A top speed of 645 mph and a maximum range of 805 miles were recorded. The service ceiling was about 42,500 feet and the rate of climb was about 8,000 feet per minute.
As a special training aircraft, the T-45 Goshawk does not carry any official US military weapons, but it can be equipped with training bombs, rocket pods, and external remote fuel storage. In addition to this capability, it can transport cargo pods as needed.