The Best Fighter Jet Ever Built | The main purpose of the fighter jet is to destroy enemy air targets, so the distinguishing features of this type of aircraft are speed, maneuverability, and advances in air-to-air level weaponry. The most famous ace was the fighter pilot, which in turn appeared during World War I. In the same article we will talk about the fighter plane.
In the same article, we will talk about the jet fighter, which first appeared in the skies during World War II and has since become the mainstay of most nations on earth. There are five generations of fighter planes, and we will show the best examples of each generation | MilitaryEzyInfo.com.
The Best Fighter Jet Ever Built: Generation I
The first generation included the 1940-1950s. The first generation consisted of the first jets built in the 1940s and 1950s. They had the following characteristics:
- Subsonic speed of flight.
- Straight wing.
- Turbojet engine.
The Messerschmitt Me.262 “Schwalbe” was a German turbojet fighter, bomber, and reconnaissance aircraft of the Second World War. It was the world’s first production turbojet and the first turbojet to participate in combat operations.
Lockheed F-80 Shooting Star
Lockheed F-80 Shooting Star was the first American commercial jet fighter. It was the first low-wing reconnaissance aircraft used by the U.S. Air Force in combat operations.
De Havilland DH.100 Vampire
The de Havilland DH.100 Vampire was a British fighter aircraft.The first flight took place on September 20, 1943. It became the RAF’s second jet aircraft and entered service in 1945-1955. It was produced in more than two dozen variants. About 4,400 were produced (including 3,269 in the UK).” The “Vampire” was exported to about 30 countries.
The Best Fighter Jet Ever Built: Second Generation
The second generation was created in the 1950s and 1960s. They have the following characteristics:
- Near-sonic and slightly supersonic.
- An arrow-shaped wing.
- The first turbojet engine with afterburner.
- High altitude flight.
- The presence of radar.
MiG-15 (Product C, Aircraft I-310, NATO designation: Fagot) – Soviet fighter aircraft, developed by the Mikoyan and Gurevich design bureau in the late 1940s. The largest combat jet in the history of aviation, it has served in many countries.
The MiG-17 (SI product, I-330 aircraft, NATO designation: Fresco, Fresco) is a fighter aircraft developed by the Soviet Union’s Mikoyan and Gurevich design bureau in the late 1940s. It was the first production fighter to achieve the speed of sound, but for combat flight it was considered near-sonic. It was intended to replace the MiG-15, and has served in many countries and has been used in a number of armed conflicts, including operations in Vietnam and the Middle East.
MiG-19 (Product SM-9, according to NATO codification: Farmer – “Farmer”) – Soviet single-seat, second-generation jet fighter, developed by the Mikoyan and Gurevich design bureau in the early 1950s. It was the first of a series of supersonic fighters to be used in Soviet air defense systems and delivered abroad. It was the same age as the American F-100 Super Sabre, but was opposed in Vietnam by the later F-4 Phantom II.
North American F-86 Sabre
The North American F-86 Sabre is an American fighter aircraft developed by North American Aviation in the late 1940s.The prototype of the series XP-86 took off on October 1, 1947. The F-86 was adopted by the United States Air Force in 1949. The first aircraft was given to the 94th Fighter Squadron of the 1st Fighter Air Group. The F-86 became the main American air combat jet during the Korean War.
The Dassault Mystère II (Dassault Mystère II) was a jet fighter bomber of the French aircraft manufacturer Dassault Aviation.The Mystère IIC was the first French aircraft to exceed the speed of sound. Nevertheless, the aircraft did not stay for long, and was soon replaced by the more advanced Mystère IV. A total of about 150 copies were built.
Saab 29 Tunnan
Saab 29 Tunnan (Swedish Saab 29 Tunnan, tunnan – flying barrel). The second Swedish fighter (the first Saab 21R), developed by Saab. The first flight took place on September 1, 1948, and was produced in large numbers in 1950-1956 (661 units were produced). It entered service with the Swedish Air Force in 1950, the operation of the fighter conversion was completed in 1965, and the others – a little later.
The Best Fighter Jet Ever Built: Third Generation
The third generation was created between 1955 and 1980. Its features include:
- Supersonic beetle speed (Mach 2+).
- The supersonic form of an aircraft.
- A more advanced type of turbojet engine with afterburning.
- Multipurpose aircraft.
- Air-to-air missile.
Lockheed F-104 Fighter
Lockheed F-104 Starfighter – single or double fighter, fighter-interceptor, fighter-bomber. The Lockheed F-104 Starfighter is a high-speed, high-performance supersonic interceptor developed in 1954.
Saab 35 Draken
The Saab 35 Draken, Draken is a Swedish supersonic fighter aircraft. Developed by Saab in the mid-1950s to replace the Saab 29 Tunan, it was adopted by the Swedish Air Force in 1960 and remained in service until 1998. It was exported to Austria, Denmark and Finland.” A distinctive feature of the Draken – the Batini wing – an unusual double swept delta wing.
McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II Aircraft
McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II – fighter-bomber, fighter-interceptor, third generation ground support aircraft. The world’s first serial fighter, carrying medium-range missiles.
Dassault Mirage III
Europe’s first fighter plane to double the speed of sound. The Dassault Phantom III is a delta-wing supersonic fighter produced by Dassault Aviation in France in the 1950s, as well as in a number of other countries.
Dassault Mirage F1
The Dassault Phantom F1 is a light multi-role fighter developed by the French aircraft manufacturer Dassault in the 1960s. It was the successor to the Dassault Mirage III. In the 1970s, it was the French Air Force’s main fighter until the Mirage 2000 multirole fighter entered service. More than 720 aircraft were produced, 251 of which were for the French Air Force.
MiG-21 (Fishbed) is a Soviet multi-purpose fighter developed by Mikoyan and Gurevich Design Bureau in mid-1950s. MiG-21 was the first MiG Design Bureau aircraft with a triangular wing.
It is the most common supersonic combat aircraft in the world. It was serially produced in the USSR from 1959 to 1985, as well as in Czechoslovakia, India and China. It was used in many armed conflicts. Due to its mass production, the MiG-21MF, for example, was cheaper than BMP-1.
The MiG-23 (Product 23-11, NATO code name: “Flogger”) is a Soviet multirole fighter with variable swept wings, which made its maiden flight on June 10, 1967, under the control of test pilot Fedotov A. The 23-11 variable swept-wing test aircraft made its maiden flight on June 10, 1967.В.
The Best Fighter Jet Ever Built: Fourth Generation
The fourth generation was developed from 1975-2010 and has the following features compared to the third generation:
- Static instability and EDU.
- Dual-circuit turbojet engine with low degree of dual circuit.
- Advanced avionics.
- Guided weapons.
The Su-27 (internal designation: T-10B, NATO designation: Flanker) is a fourth-generation Soviet/Russian multi-role, highly maneuverable, all-weather fighter designed by the Sukhoi Design Bureau to gain air superiority.
The MiG-29 (Product 9-12, NATO designation: Fulcrum ) is a fourth-generation Soviet/Russian multirole fighter developed by the MiG Design Bureau.
McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle
The McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle is a fourth-generation American all-weather tactical fighter. It was designed to gain air superiority. It was adopted in 1976.
The F-15 is used in the Middle East, Persian Gulf, and Yugoslavia.The F-15 Eagle will remain in the USAF until 2025.
General Dynamics F-16 Falcon
The General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon is a fourth-generation American multi-role light fighter developed by General Dynamics.In 1993, General Dynamics sold its aircraft manufacturing business to Lockheed (now Lockheed Martin).
Due to its versatility and relatively low cost, the F-16 is the most mass-produced fourth-generation fighter (more than 4,540 have been produced as of June 2014) and has been successful in the international arms market, with 25 countries in service.In 2005, the USAF’s last 2231 F-16 was delivered to a customer. The upgraded F-16 will be produced for export until at least mid-2017.
The Eurofighter Typhoon is a fourth generation multi-role fighter.” The Typhoon was developed and produced by Eurofighter Limited, a consortium formed in 1986 by Alenia Aero, BAE Systems and EADS.Research on the alignment of the aircraft began in 1979.
Currently, the aircraft is in series production. The aircraft has been delivered to the Air Force by Germany, Italy, Spain and the United Kingdom.
Saab JAS 39 Gripen
The Saab JAS 39 Gripen is a fourth-generation Swedish multirole fighter developed by Saab Aerospace Industries.JAS stands for Jakt – Fighter, Attack – Attack, and Spaning – Reconnaissance.
It has been in service with the Swedish Air Force since 1997. As of 2011, the air forces of Hungary, the Czech Republic, South Africa and Thailand are operating abroad. In addition, the Test Pilot School of the British Empire (ETPS) uses a twin JAS 39D to improve the training of test pilots.
The Best Fighter Jet Ever Built: Fifth Generation
The fifth generation warrior has been around since the end of the XX century and differs from the fourth generation warrior by the following features:
- Stealth technology, with weapons placed in the fuselage.
- Radar with phased array antenna.
- Cruise supersonic speed.
- More advanced avionics.
- More advanced weapon systems and weapon control systems.
- High maneuverability at supersonic speeds.
Chengdu J-20 (“Black Eagle”) is a Chinese fighter of the fourth (Chinese nomenclature) or fifth generation (Western). It was developed by Chengdu Aircraft Industry Corporation. The fighter will enter service in 2017-2019.
Shenyang J-31(“Gyrfalcon”) – Chinese multipurpose fighter of the fifth generation. Developed by Shenyang Aircraft Corporation.
Lockheed / Boeing F-22 Raptor Fighter
The F-22 Raptor is a fifth-generation multi-role fighter developed by Lockheed Martin, Boeing, and General Dynamics to replace the F-15 Eagle. The F-22 is the first and only fifth-generation fighter currently in service. It is also the world’s most expensive fighter jet.
Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II
Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II – the fifth-generation family of advanced low-profile fighter bombers, developed by Lockheed Martin Aeronautics (Tactical Aircraft Systems), in three versions. Available for the U.S. Air Force (Ground CTOL), the U.S. Marine Corps and the British Navy (STOVL) and the U.S. Navy (CV).
The Best Fighter Jet Ever Built: Sixth Generation (Future)
European Union countries have indicated their intention to skip the development of fifth-generation aircraft and move directly to the development of sixth-generation fighter jets. The United States, Russia, and Japan have also announced plans to develop a sixth-generation aircraft.
The main requirements of the sixth-generation fighter design are described:
- Further development of low visibility.
- Increased maneuverability.
- Availability of operational modes for unmanned fighter aircraft.
- Fully integrated into a single chain of command that combines the operations of land, sea, and air forces.
- A new generation of avionics.