US Navy Ships Histories, Structure, and Types of Ships – The US Navy currently represents the most powerful fleet in the world, including the largest number of aircraft carriers and submarines. U.S. bases are located around the world. Government funding is record-breaking compared to other countries.
US Navy Ships Histories, Structure, and Types of Ships
MilitaryEzyInfo.com – The navy is an effective geopolitical tool that allows nations to protect their interests far beyond their own borders in various parts of the world.
History of the U.S. Navy
The U.S. Navy dates back to October 12, 1775. On that day, the first armed sailing ships were dispatched from the U.S. to intercept British ships. by the end of the 18th century, more than 30 new ships had been built. Over the next few decades, the fleet played an active role in military battles against France and England, and against Algerian pirates.
It was not until the end of the 19th century that the fleet began to be deployed in earnest. During this period, the fleet became actively involved in international conflicts. As a result, shipbuilding began to develop and the latest developments were introduced and tested. As a result, the United States pioneered many naval innovations. By participating in World War II, all scientific developments were put to the test and came out on top.
Structure and Deployment of the U.S. Navy
The US Navy has bases virtually all over the world. Most of the bases are located within the United States, but they also exist in other countries. Let’s take a closer look at their temperament.
There are several strategic locations in the eastern part of the country, housing all the facilities and military equipment needed to prove their power.
Pacific Fleet and Hawai
There are also a number of bases and strongholds from the west that are completely independent of the Atlantic Fleet operations.
Pearl Harbor and Guam
These bases are located in remote areas belonging to the United States, Hawaii, and the Mariana Islands in the Pacific Ocean.
A full-fledged U.S. naval base is deployed here, which has been leased by naval leaders for decades.
There are also several other locations where US ships are stationed, but these are NATO members. The oldest U.S. naval base is located in Guantanamo Bay, which belongs to Cuba. The Cuban government has repeatedly wanted to retake this territory but has been legally powerless to do so. It should be noted that to date, not a single U.S. warship has been assigned to the area.
As of June 2017, the US Navy has 276 deployed warships and over 3,700 operational aircraft. Let’s take a closer look:
The U.S. Navy currently has a fleet of eleven heavy aircraft carriers, ten of the Nimitz type and one of the Ford type. All of them are attack forces and are equipped with nuclear reactors, which allow them to navigate autonomously for long periods of time. The armament of the carriers is as follows
F/A-18E/F Super Hornet
Deck fighter-bombers and attack aircraft, each carrying over 8,000 kg of weapons. Specifically:
– AIM-9, AIM-7, AIM-120 air-to-air missiles.
– Air-to-surface missiles such as AGM-65 Maverick, AGM-88 Harm, AGM-84 Harpoon, AGM-154 JSOW.
– Nuclear bombs.
– Other bombs.
F/A-18A+ and F/A-18C Hornet
Decked fighter-bombers and attack aircraft. They are armed with the following:
– AIM-9, AIM-7, AIM-120 air-to-air guided B-B missiles.
– AGM-65, AGM-88, AGM-84, AGM-154, AGM-158, KEPD-350 guided B surface-to-air missiles.
– Guided and unguided bombs.
– 20mm six-round M61A1 Vulcan gun, 578 rounds.
SH-60F and HH-60H Seahawk
Anti-submarine warfare helicopters
There are several types of American submarines, with armaments such as:
18 third-generation strategic nuclear submarines. The ships are armed with 24 Trident ballistic missiles.
Los Angeles class
33 multi-purpose nuclear submarines armed with Tomahawk cruise missiles, Harpoon anti-ship missiles, Mk48, and ADCAP torpedoes.
Three nuclear-powered submarines, including Harpoon and Tomahawk torpedo and missile weapons.
28 multi-purpose submarines – including torpedoes and Tomahawk missiles.
Destroyer escort (DE) is represented by the Arleigh Burke type. The U.S. Navy currently has 53 guided missile ships in service. Each is armed with:
– SH-60 LAMPS and SH-60 LAMPS III helicopters.
– Aegis systems armed with Tomahawk missiles.
In the 20th century, Ship of the line (SOL) was the most powerful armored ships with cannons. Modern developments have made it possible to build more and more functional ships so that today there are only eight battleships in the United States, all of which serve as museums.
The most famous frigates of the USS Oliver Hazard Perry were built in numbers of 71. Each served between 13 and 30 years, with the last ship being decommissioned in 2015.
Boats are represented by the following types:
– Patrol boats (patrol boats).
– Torpedo boats.
– Landing craft.
Each naval base in the U.S. has one of these boats, and they carry out their missions according to their purpose.
“Bluebird” is a series of American minesweepers that were active in the 20th century. All 159 have now been decommissioned or sold to other countries.
HMS Begonia is a British built corvette, like the light cruisers, that served the US Navy during World War II. It is not currently in use.